Capacity building for SADC parliaments

Zimbabwe Parliamentary Training on Mineral Resource Governance
SARW has started its capacity building progranmme of parliaments in Southern Africa using the resource barometer. The barometer was launched in Zambia last year (please create a links to some of the articles published on the launch).
 
The first phase of training targeted three countries: Lesotho, The Democratic Republic of Congo and Zimbabwe. The idea was to gather information and experience that can be used in designing a fully-fledged regional program.
[[{"fid":"280","view_mode":"media_adaptive","fields":{"format":"media_adaptive","field_file_image_alt_text[und][0][value]":"Participants from the National Assembly of Lesotho","field_file_image_title_text[und][0][value]":"Participants from the National Assembly of Lesotho"},"type":"media","attributes":{"height":411,"width":766,"alt":"Participants from the National Assembly of Lesotho","title":"Participants from the National Assembly of Lesotho","class":"adaptive media-element file-media-adaptive"}}]]
In the last, with the rise of commodity prices, there has been a significant engagement  by organic civil society organizations, mining communities, companies and governments with regards to elevating the dialogue and openness around issues of mineral resources governance. This has led to a growth in institutions dedicated to technical support, knowledge sharing and awareness rising on activities aimed at bolstering an appreciation at all levels of society to understand and improve the management of mineral resources. From these interventions, progress has been recorded, through initiatives aimed at revisions of mineral related policies in SADC like Lesotho and DRC and adoption of new ones at the national, regional and continental levels such the African Mining Vision.
 
While the above developments are critical, Parliaments have not been significantly involved in such policy dialogues, and capacity development opportunities. If this situation continues unabated, it will deny most of our government the opportunity for checks and balances. This will definitely impact on the ability of parliaments to input into legislation that will significantly make an impact, and may weaken their oversight in this sector. It is against this backdrop that SARW in partnership with the SADC PF   embarked on a necessary, yet ambitious project to strengthen the capacity of Parliaments and Parliamentarians in SADC so as to enable them to effectively carry out their mandated roles in so far as ensuring that Mineral Resources benefit the countries and citizens.
 
This project is unique in that, it managed to develop a prototype through a consultative process by Parliamentarians and other stakeholders, which allows for members to have a reference document that gives them knowledge and options to tailor to their individual country circumstances, in the form of a  Barometer for Monitoring Mineral Resource in Southern Africa. The Barometer was endorsed and unanimously approved by the SADC Parliamentary Forum highest policy making organ the Plenary Assembly, in October 2013, held at Arusha, Tanzania.
 
Goal and Objectives
The main goal is to improve SADC Parliaments’ capacity for oversight, representation and law making of the Mineral Resource Sector for the benefit of countries and citizens. 
  • Strengthen capabilities of MPs and staff of Parliaments to effectively perform their respective roles in monitoring the mineral resource sector. 
  • Strengthen mineral resources knowledge sharing and inter-Parliamentary networking.
  • Facilitate the official adoption, launch and creation of permanent ownership of the Barometer by the Institutional Organs of the SADC Parliamentary Forum and National Parliaments in SADC; 
  • Measure the level of uptake and Operationalisation of the Barometer by Parliaments through piloting in three selected SADC Countries.
 
[[{"fid":"276","view_mode":"media_adaptive","fields":{"format":"media_adaptive","field_file_image_alt_text[und][0][value]":"Local Partners collaborated in delivering the trainings session. In the picture is Ms.Vuyani Monyake an environmental specialist from Lesotho ","field_file_image_title_text[und][0][value]":"Local Partners collaborated in delivering the trainings session. In the picture is Ms.Vuyani Monyake an environmental specialist from Lesotho "},"type":"media","attributes":{"height":475,"width":633,"alt":"Local Partners collaborated in delivering the trainings session. In the picture is Ms.Vuyani Monyake an environmental specialist from Lesotho ","title":"Local Partners collaborated in delivering the trainings session. In the picture is Ms.Vuyani Monyake an environmental specialist from Lesotho ","class":"adaptive media-element file-media-adaptive"}}]]
 
The trainings provided an opportunity for Parliamentarians to not only enhance their understanding of the Mineral Sector but also provides a platform to reflect on how Parliamentarians  can engage with Governments to make them more accountable  and ensure  clarity of the exploration and revenue utilization from the country’s mineral resources.
 
Implementation
The training sessions of MPs are done in partnership with National Parliaments. For the three training already done they were done with the parliament of Lesotho, the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Parliament of Zimbabwe.
 
Local civil society organisations with expertise in the field are associated to the training. The core group of trainers is selected from country’s experts. 
For example, in the Democratic Republic of Congo SARW worked CERN/CENCO, the University of Lubumbashi, National Nouvelle Dynamique Syndicale, OSISA, Mining cadastral
In Lesotho, SARW worked with Policy Analysis and Research Institute of Lesotho, the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace, Transformation Resource Center   and Independent consultants 
In Zimbabwe, SARW worked with the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association, AFRODAD, Center for Natural Resource Governance and Benchmarks Foundation (South Africa)
 
[[{"fid":"277","view_mode":"media_adaptive","fields":{"format":"media_adaptive","field_file_image_alt_text[und][0][value]":"Zimbabwe Parliamentary Training on Mineral Resource Governance","field_file_image_title_text[und][0][value]":"Zimbabwe Parliamentary Training on Mineral Resource Governance"},"type":"media","attributes":{"height":518,"width":883,"alt":"Zimbabwe Parliamentary Training on Mineral Resource Governance","title":"Zimbabwe Parliamentary Training on Mineral Resource Governance","class":"adaptive media-element file-media-adaptive"}}]]
 
Beneficiaries 
The intended constituency for this project is the institution of parliament, we have started with Parliamentarians. In total the Project so far has provided capacity development training to:
  • 49  Members of Parliament and 16 Staff of Parliament from DRC
  • 19 Members of Parliament and 2 Staff of Parliament from Lesotho
  • 37 Members of Parliament and 7 Staff of Parliament from Zimbabwe 
Impact
From the feedback generated during plenary discussion, it was clear that Members of Parliament are ready to engage in serious advocacy activities with their Governments as well as pass motions in Parliaments to enact or ensure enforcement of llegislation aimed at strengthening the institutional context of the Mineral Sector in their countries.  So far no tangible impact has be recorded yet due to the fact that it has only been few weeks since the trainings were held. 
 
[[{"fid":"278","view_mode":"media_adaptive","fields":{"format":"media_adaptive","field_file_image_alt_text[und][0][value]":"The Speaker of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Lesotho, Hon Sephiri Motanyane, Officially opening the Training at Lesotho Sun Hotel","field_file_image_title_text[und][0][value]":"The Speaker of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Lesotho, Hon Sephiri Motanyane, Officially opening the Training at Lesotho Sun Hotel"},"type":"media","attributes":{"height":558,"width":743,"alt":"The Speaker of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Lesotho, Hon Sephiri Motanyane, Officially opening the Training at Lesotho Sun Hotel","title":"The Speaker of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Lesotho, Hon Sephiri Motanyane, Officially opening the Training at Lesotho Sun Hotel","class":"adaptive media-element file-media-adaptive"}}]]
 
However from the feedback generated from the participants it was clear that they would want to
  • Engage with the relevant Ministry (Mining, Environmental Affair, Natural Resource), in order to get a better understanding of the Sectoral process taking place in their country;
  • Move motions in Parliament to review, revise and enact legislation to ensure that their countries and the citizens benefit from the country’s mineral resource; 
  • Provide more oversight to the Executive to ensure accountability and transparency in the utilization of revenue from the Extractive Industries;
  • Engage more with communities and support community engagement with companies and Government officials;
  • Propose and support laws to legalize and formalize Artisanal and Small Scale Mining. 
Country: 
Sectors: