Mining

Mafeteng District: 25th June, 2014 and 2nd July, 2014

The District has a population of about 193,682 and shares the border in the west with Free State while locally with Maseru in the northeast and Mohale’s Hoek in the southeast. There are both active Diamond Mines and Prospecting activities in the area. Consultations took place in two areas due to the locations, and these were Mafeteng and Kolo communities. The people in this area understand Mining and a lot of issues were raised.

Key Issues

The mining and minerals sector fiscal and taxation regime

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Thaba-Tseka District: 23rd June, 2014

The District has a population of 129,137, in the eastern part it shares the border with KwaZulu-Natal and domestically, it shares boundaries with, Mokhotlong in the northeast, Leribe in the north, Berea in the northwest, Maseru in the west, Mohale’s Hoek in the south east and Qacha’s Nek in the South. The district has no established mining operations, but according to the local people, there have been a lot of institutions including University that have taken mineral samples from the area.

Key issues

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Mokhotlong District: 16th and 17th June, 2014

The District has the highest terrain in the Maloti Range and the source of the Sengu River, Lesotho’s primary watershed. It has a population of 96,340 people and the district is host to one of the biggest diamond mines in the country. It borders with South Africa KwaZulu-Natal and Free State, while domestically it borders with, Butha-Buthe, Leribe and  Thaba-Tseka. Due to its sensitive and large scale mining activities, consultations took place in two locations; Mokhotlong and Mapholaneng areas;

 

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Qu Thing District: 11th June, 2014

The Qu Thing District is also known as Moyne, meaning the place of the wind. It borders with the following districts; Mohale’s Hoek District in the north and Quacha’s Nek in the north east. It has a population of about 120,502. The district is an agriculture area and has no formal Mining activities, apart from illegal extraction of sand.

The following were issues identified during the Community Mapping exercise;

General issues

There is need for more exploration in the district;

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The Big Issues

During the consultations there were issues which consistently came up in all the district consultations. These issues relate to the fiscal and taxation regime, the legal and regulatory framework, infrastructure development and value-addition, local empowerment and integration, Artisanal and Small-scale Mining, the lack of transparency and accountability in the sector and environmental and social accountability.

The fiscal and taxation regime

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Rationale and aims of the consultations

In recognition of the increasingly important role of communities in resource management on the continent, and in particular, mining communities, the Ministry of Mines, with the support of SARW and CCJP, conducted community consultations to collect the views of the Basotho people on the new draft MMP.  The purpose of the district consultations was to put the first draft of the MMP to the scrutiny of communities to ensure that the views of all Basotho are accommodated in the final policy.

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Lesotho mining and minerals policy district consultations report

The Lesotho government is reviewing its 1961 Mining and Minerals Policy (MMP).  The review presents a unique opportunity for Lesotho to improve mineral resource management, maximize revenue collection and utilization, and increase the impact of mineral extraction on the Basotho nation in general and on mining communities in particular. The Lesotho government has solicited support from the Economic Commission of Africa (ECA) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to help with the drafting of the Policy.

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