The discussions in this session had opening remarks from Fabian Nkomo(trade unionist), Mantoe Phakanti (journalist) and Mutuso Dhliwayo (CSO activist) with Yao Graham moderating
Glen Mpufane opened his presentation with information about his global union, INDUSTRIALL, showing how its 50 million members in 140 countries are spread across the mineral value chain – from extraction, manufacturing to support services. He then posed two questions - do labour issues find articulation in the AMV, and what are the issues /constraints/challenges/ for advocacy in Africa’s Mining Labour regime?
Oliver Maponga was the resource person for this session. His presentation covered the benefits and prospects of mineral beneficiation in Africa; the instruments for promoting linkages and an exploration of the challenges; and concluded with a discussion on industrialisation and beneficiation.
Oliver Maponga: In reference to Samantha’s presentation, Oliver wanted to clarify about the elements that Samantha indicated that they were missing in the AMV, among them gender issues and climate change. He said the Action Plan of the AMV emphasized what was supposed to be done at national and community level. Oliver said the vision was developed and the Action Plan took the vision at heart to develop specific activities. He said in the Africa Mining Vision, a lot of issues that Samantha raised against it were adequately covered.
The presentations were on Community Concerns and the AMV by Claude Kabemba of Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) and Samantha Hargreaves of Women in Mining (WOMIN).
- One participant agreed that indeed issues of taxation in the mining sector are complicated and one needs proper understanding to effectively deal with the issues. He noted that if all issues written in the AMV are adhered to, the problems of financial mismanagement in the sector would have been solved.He also called for a collective responsibility in dealing with such challenges. He said there has to be institutional arrangements in place to follow up on such issues.
- His presentation noted that the major problem in the Sub-Saharan Africa is how to mobilise domestic revenue and overdependence on donors.
- He added that the tax base tends to get eroded due to lack of effective ring fencing, linear capital depreciation and control of production, exports and by products.
- He also noted that the poor Sub Saharan region needs transparency and accountability at all levels if the region is to meaningfully benefit from mining activities.
- He also highlighted urgent renegotiation of mining contracts when they are unfavourable.
The first presentation in this session was by Saviour Mwambwa of Tax Justice Network Africa. After an initial overview of mineral taxation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) the presenter proceeded to discuss some of the factors behind poor mining tax revenue mobilisation in SSA. These include: the erosion of tax base due to factors (such as lack of effective ring fencing, treatment of hedging, reference prices and control of production, export and by products); and the ineffectiveness of corporate profit based tax standard instruments in the mining sector.
- There was a concern that the African Mining Vision is gender blind and also silent on climate change. Therefore a question was posed about whether the African Mining Vision could be revised to include these considerations? Furthermore, the participants recognized and appreciated the changing attitudes towards women in the mining sector, as reflected by WOMIN’s gender and extractive activities.
The first speaker in this session was Yao Graham of TWN-Africa. His presentation was on the “Context of the AMV” (Powerpoint attached). It analysed the political economy of mining in Africa as a dimension of the continent’s raw material commodity export dependence and what this has meant for the structure of Africa’s economies, nature of integration into the world economy and the effects of the dependence. This was offered as the fundamental reality that the AMV seeks to address.